"IKVA" Shopping Center, Sopron (Hungary)
Short overview IKVA Shopping Center is a retail center in the city of Sopron in Győr-Moson-Sopron County of Hungary. It was in 1979 and has approximately 3 700 square meters leasable area.
Location "The city of Sopron is located on the western region of Hungary and has a population of 60,000. It has a wide reach from touristic point of view. Many tourists and visitors travel to
the city from Austria. The Austrian-Hungarian border is only 8,5 kilometers away. The city is about 100 kilometers away from the closest Hungarian highway, the M1 from Budapest to Vienna. The closest Austrian highway is the S31 and is about 20 kilometers away. Győr-Moson-Sopron County is one of the richest counties in Hungary. IKVA Shopping Center is located within the city centre, in the outskirts of the Castle district. This part of the city has a historic atmosphere and a strong touristic appeal."
Architecture & structure "The IKVA was built within the framework of a large scale urban development plan together with the Fenyő Shopping Center next to it. Due to several compromises the result is a less fortunate built environment; but the IKVA Shopping Center itself is a significant architectural art piece of Hungary which reflects the architectural trends of the historical era in which it was built and its cultural and political features. However it was built according to the standards, today it does not fit into the requirements and has a low level of efficiency. Next to the energy-efficiency point of view, the building’s technological condition is also unsatisfactory due to its old age. In order to perform a successful project, a comprehensive retrofitting is needed.
IKVA is a freestanding building. It is linked with an open passageway to the Fenyő Shopping Center. Access from the parking lot and also from street level is ensured with a pedestrian ramp and staircases. From the bridge there is a direct access to the retail space on the ground floor. There is an open hallway around ground level store floor. Next to the building there is a city block which consists of mid-rise residential buildings with additional retail and service functions. A wide pedestrian passageway points directly to the Shopping Center from the south.
IKVA due its larger department store size and its downtown location makes it ideally suited to meet the demands of larger retailers. Main part of the retail area consists of large open spaces with only a few pillars, which ensures the possibility of various uses.
The building has 2 main sections: common area, which consists of 2 storeys plus an open parking lot on ground level, and service/office area with 3 storeys and a basement. Geometry of the building follows functional separation recognizably. Service and visitor access is well
-separated. The building has a reinforced skeleton structure, 25 cm thick reinforced concrete envelope and a flat roof with bituminous waterproofing and polystyrene insulation. There is no insulation on the external walls which results together with the large aluminum frame single-glazed portals in common areas a high overall heat transfer coefficient. Maximum height is 14, 90 m.
- Partition: reinforced concrete and gypsum board partition walls
- Doors and windows: aluminum frame, double glazed, large portals in common areas single glazed
- Coatings: paint, ceramic tiles, glazed tiles, suspended gypsum ceiling in units
- Shadowing: reinforced concrete canopies"
- Building services "Ventilation: 2 original systems, 1-1 supply and exhaust
- Heating: 3 Viessmann Vitodens gas boilers traditional radiators and compact radiators
- Cooling: DX (split, local)
- HWS: local
- Elevators: 2 (500 kg)
- Lighting: fluorescent lighting"